Working memory is a process that allows us to hold and manipulate information temporarily in our mind in order to carry out complex mental tasks. Working memory is involved in many aspects of learning and development, as well as problem solving, and decision making. Working memory is limited in capacity and duration, meaning that it can only hold a certain amount of information for a brief period of time. This is why we often forget information we were just told, especially if we were not paying close attention to it. Children with strong working memory skills are better able to follow directions, remember information, and complete complex tasks.
Working memory difficulties can impact a child's academic performance and daily life. Children with working memory difficulties may have trouble remembering instructions, completing multi-step tasks, and paying attention in class. They may also struggle with reading comprehension, math skills, and problem-solving. It is important for parents, teachers, and other caregivers to be aware of the signs of working memory difficulties in children and to provide support as needed to help improve their working memory skills.
Here are 5 ways you can help support a child who has working many difficulties: